Let the people eat more safely and nutritionally —— National Health Commission news conference introduces the food safety standard system.

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 24th Title: Let the people eat safer and more nutritious — — National Health Commission press conference introduced the food safety standard system.

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Gu Tiancheng and Li Heng

  Food safety and nutrition are related to the health of everyone and every family. How to make people eat more safely? How to prevent common food-borne diseases at home? How to improve the dietary structure of Chinese residents?

  The National Health and Wellness Commission held a press conference on the 24th to introduce China’s work in improving the food safety standard system and promoting a balanced diet for residents.

  "The most stringent standards" protect the people to eat safely.

  “‘ The most stringent standard ’ Is China’s food safety ‘ The four strictest ’ The important content of the requirements. " Tian Jianxin, deputy director of the Food Safety Standards and Monitoring and Evaluation Department of the National Health and Wellness Commission, said that at present, China has formulated and issued a total of 1,563 national food safety standards, involving more than 23,000 safety indicators, covering all 30 categories and 340 sub-categories of food consumed by Chinese residents, covering the whole process from food raw materials, production and processing to final products, covering the whole chain from farmland to table.

  Tian Jianxin said that in order to improve the efficiency of supervision, some newly revised standards in China have strengthened the process management of food production. For example, the newly revised production standard for infant formula foods has more explicit and strengthened requirements for the use of raw materials, evaluation of sterilization effect, microbial control and control of possibly allergenic substances in the production process, which urges enterprises to take more systematic and strict measures in production.

  At the same time, China is carrying out the pilot work of food digital labeling. According to reports, digital labeling refers to printing a two-dimensional code on food packaging, scanning it through a mobile phone, and more clearly displaying food information content in various forms such as text and video. It is not only convenient for people with low vision or the elderly to read, but also fully displays food information. At present, more than 20 enterprises in 10 categories of food, including meat products and convenience foods, have participated in the pilot.

  Common food-borne diseases are prevented in this way.

  "Food-borne diseases are also called food poisoning. According to the monitoring data from 2010 to 2022, there were more than 20,000 incidents of food-borne diseases at home in China, accounting for 50% of the total number of incidents. " Li Ning, director of the National Center for Food Safety Risk Assessment, said that many food-borne diseases occurred at home, among which the first one was eating poisonous mushrooms and needed special attention.

  According to experts, poisonous mushrooms are difficult to distinguish with the naked eye, and many of the identification methods circulated by the people are not reliable. Poisoning symptoms of poisonous mushrooms are more dangerous and the mortality rate is higher. The best way to prevent poisoning of poisonous mushrooms is not to pick or eat wild mushrooms.

  Food-borne pathogens such as Salmonella and diarrhea-causing Escherichia coli are also easy to cause food-borne diseases, which are mainly caused by uncoordinated raw and cooked food, cross-contamination between raw and cooked food or improper storage of ingredients during home cooking.

  Li Ning said that the best way to prevent food-borne diseases caused by such microorganisms at home is to strictly implement the five points of food safety recommended by the World Health Organization, namely, keeping clean, separating raw and cooked food, cooking thoroughly, safely storing and ensuring the safety of food sources.

  Promote a more reasonable and healthy national diet structure.

  With the development of China’s economy and society, the public is increasingly concerned about diet, nutrition and health. Strengthen targeted popular science propaganda and guide the public to actively adjust their eating habits; Develop foods with higher nutrient density according to different groups of people and their health needs; People’s Republic of China (PRC) Anti-Food Waste Law was promulgated, which advocated "public spoon and chopsticks" and the system of sharing meals … … In recent years, the National Health and Wellness Committee and relevant departments have promoted a series of measures to promote a more reasonable and healthy diet structure for residents.

  In recent years, the nutritional and health status of Chinese residents has been significantly improved, but there have also been some unreasonable dietary patterns such as excessive intake of cooking oil and other foods, insufficient intake of milk and its products, and fresh vegetables and fruits. Experts suggest that "one old and one young" and the whole society should cultivate good eating behavior.

  "Obesity among children and adolescents has become an important public health problem that threatens the physical and mental health of children and adolescents in China." Ding Gangqiang, director of the Institute of Nutrition and Health of China CDC, said that at present, the overweight and obesity rate of children and adolescents aged 6 to 17 in China is nearly 20%, and it is on the rise rapidly. Children and adolescents should have a reasonable diet, develop good eating habits, exercise more and keep a balanced diet.

  On the other hand, with the further deepening of China’s aging, the nutritional and health problems associated with aging have also become prominent. Experts say that families or old-age care institutions should provide the elderly with nutritious food that is easy to digest and absorb. Attention should be paid to the intake of protein and fresh vegetables for the elderly, especially dark vegetables and fresh fruits.

  At present, respiratory diseases occur frequently in winter in many parts of the country, and some people are very concerned about regulating diet and preventing diseases. In this regard, Ding Gangqiang reminded that while maintaining good hygiene habits, we should also pay more attention to nutrition. It is suggested that foods should be diversified and reasonably matched, protein should be supplemented, whole grains and bean products should be taken in moderation, and adequate drinking water and light diet should be ensured. During illness, if you have symptoms such as dry cough, less phlegm, dry throat and night sweats, you can choose to eat lily tremella soup, yam almond porridge and so on.